After reading Automating with Jenkins and PowerShell on Windows Part — 1you should have a grasp on the basics of Jenkins and be excited to start doing more automation! Jenkins provides a means to do this, which is to install a Jenkins agent onto each machine you want to reach out to. This will save us having to install agents on all our remote systems and means we can keep complexity down.
If you are new to PowerShell remoting, you will be able to follow along, but I recommend reading the free eBook Secrets of PowerShell Remoting to get up to speed. We will use OpenSSL to generate a self-signed SSL certificate, preventing any passwords entered into the Jenkins web interface from going over the network in plain text. From your browser, hit the Jenkins web interface on the port you specified and you will be in business.
Next up, we need to allow the Jenkins server to access machines on the network via PowerShell Remoting. To do this, we need add the hosts we plan remotely managing to the WS-Man trusted host lists. The method you choose will depend on your environment.Install Jenkins - Run SSH Remote Host Job- Jenkins with Tamil -1
We also may want to have Jenkins execute PowerShell script files, so we will set the PowerShell execution policy of the Jenkins server. We will configure both the x64 and x86 execution policies. We will install the EnvInject Plugin which allow us to inject some stored environment variables into our build including passwords. Tip: Remember that Jenkins makes the parameters available using environment variables. ComputerName and Username already exists as environment variables, so I am not using the standard naming convention for the parameters you would use inside PowerShell.
Entering it in without the leading backslash will cause the job to fail. In this example, we are going to make a job that creates a text on a remote machine. There will be two parameters — one for name of the text file and one for its contents. In our case we are doing it so we can see how to pass multiple Jenkins parameters into a remote PowerShell session.Remington 870 camo stock canada
Tip: A best practice would be to create a dedicated service account for performing the build. Additionally, your account may have far more privileges than are needed to do a simple remote task, which is a bad security practice. The builds and scripts above will give you a good framework for creating and PowerShell Remoting jobs with remoting.
The builds above as they are not overly useful, but they provide the building blocks needed to do some awesome automation in your environment. At the time of writing, the latest version was v1. Run the installation. The certificate will not generate correctly without it. Once the installation has completed, open a PowerShell prompt and run the following commands Move the jenkins. Put a tick in the install column for the EnvInject Plugin and click Download now and install after restart.
Click Restart Jenkins when installation is complete and no jobs are running. Passing Credentials to PowerShell Jobs There are two ways that you can hand credentials to jobs in Jenkins Ask for them as a parameter when running a Jenkins job — This is useful for jobs that are run manually. An example would be a job which remotes to a machine when it is part of a workgroup and then joins the machine to a the corporate domain. You will need to pass in both the local credentials of the machine when it is off the domainas well as your domain credentials to join the machine to the domain.
The local or domain credentials might change between when you need to run the job, so it makes sense to pass them in as parameters to the job. Store them in Jenkins and send them to your job as an environment variable — This is useful for jobs that you will be running on a schedule.
Usually this would be a domain service account as opposed to a users login credentials. An example job restarting a troublesome service each night on a schedule; you obviously would want this to occur without any prompts for credentials. Parameterizing a Jenkins Job with Credentials In this example, we are going restart a service on a remote machine. From the Jenkins web interface, click New Item.
Now, what I need to do is run an ant command on the remote server. And after that I need to start the application server on the remote server, the application server is started by running a. I'm pretty clueless how to accomplish this, I know Jenkins is capable of running batch commands, but how do I make them run in the context of the server and not the context of the build server?
If Jenkins on Windows, remote on Window, use psexec. Edit: The download page for psexec. You will want something along the lines of:.
Also, you need to run psexec -accepteula once to accept the EULA prompt. Since I don't have to use psexec. Learn more. Run batch scripts on a remote server windows from jenkins Ask Question.
Asked 6 years, 4 months ago. Active 3 years, 2 months ago. Viewed 56k times. Mrchief 68k 19 19 gold badges silver badges bronze badges. Wrap it in an Ant task in your build file on the build machine, to run the server startup script via sshexec. This depends on what OS the remote server and the Jenkins are running on. Active Oldest Votes. AnneTheAgile 8, 5 5 gold badges 40 40 silver badges 44 44 bronze badges. Slav Slav 24k 8 8 gold badges 67 67 silver badges 91 91 bronze badges.
Both the machines are windows machines, I'll look into using psexec. Well, I found winexebut that's just someone's own program. Any simplier way to handle this use case? Make sure it is saved for the Jenkins user. You can now add an execute shell build phase in your Jenkins job which can SSH to your remote windows machine.Lady to queen novel translation
Notes : The established connection might require some additional work - you might have to set windows environment variables or map network drivers in order for your executed commands or batch files to work properly on your windows machines. If you wish to run GUI related operations this solution might not be relevant Following my work on running automation tests which require GUI manipulation.
Using Jenkins SSH plugin is an issue, as seen here. Rann Lifshitz Rann Lifshitz 3, 4 4 gold badges 17 17 silver badges 40 40 bronze badges. I ended up going with a different approach after trying out psexec. I'm also having problems with Psexec Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name.
Email Required, but never shown. The Overflow Blog. Podcast is Scrum making you a worse engineer?Script hook v 1. In this example the most basicwe are going to print the date in the Putty console. An interactive shell reads commands from user input on a tty. Take this example output from a job run: Take this example output from a job run:.
Run Jenkins. Notes- We will use some commands which will help us to do our job. The easiest way to define secrets for use in your build jobs is to: Click the Credentials link in the sidebar. Creating a batch file and using it in Jenkins. Under Build, add build step Execute Windows batch command. Anyone automating their Jenkins pipelines through batch jobs or shell scripts knows the value of referencing entries on the Jenkins environment variables list.
For more information on exposing command line options for your own tasks, see Declaring and using command-line options.
Jenkins Execute Windows Batch Command Example
Then you run the script with the IP address of your switch, and forward output wherever you want for example, to specific file. You may also double click on your batch file to run it directly. Before proceeding, create any sample testNGProject, we have already created sample project here and we will execute the.
Maven exec plugin lets you run the main method of a Java class in your project, with the project dependencies automatically included in the classpath. Conditional buildstep is used to evaluate the value on the boolean parameter we created before. The first step in this section of Jenkins Selenium Integration is to create a batch file.
Desktop is one of the ways to run batch file, Yes I am storing my sample batch file in C directory. I haven't seen much information about this so I was wondering if anyone else has tried it.
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I have a csv file having data as id,name and parentid and i want to draw a tree using that data file. Click OK to continue. Go to Jenkins main dashboard and click on New Item. How to run a JMeter test in Jenkins. This post will cover three different methods to remotely execute multi-line commands with SSH.
You can use windows command line as well. To make it more usable and flexible it was decided to allow any number of build steps to be added and called. For Jenkins to use the file you need to add a post-build action of type "Publish JUnit test result report":. We use Jenkins to build the code and run tests, and we use Octopus Deploy to deploy and promote releases. The above command will list out all the packages from a-z ranges in the terminal.
Then cd the folder in which your c is there example "cd turbo c" Then do same and continue till you reach cd bin or cd your folder where you find tc and then only type tc not cd in front ok Now if you want to run Your c program in dos prompt: Follow these instructions:.
Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. Found some solutions like, Specifying the shell.
Jenkins will execute whatever you have in your build steps on the slave that the build runs on. So if you have an "Execute Shell" step in your build, when it runs on any slave it will execute those steps.
On your windows slave machine, make that directory or where-ever you installed to the first item in the PATH on the windows machine itself, not in jenkinsand restart your slave service. Since jenkins just runs sh. Learn more. How to execute shell commands in windows slave machine from Jenkins? Ask Question. Asked 2 years, 5 months ago.
Active 2 years, 5 months ago. Viewed 4k times. I have connected windows machine as a slave to a Jenkins job I have installed gitbash. Active Oldest Votes.
Chris Riccio Chris Riccio 2 2 silver badges 10 10 bronze badges. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name. Email Required, but never shown. The Overflow Blog.
Virtual Machine automation and management using PowerShell
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Is it possible to execute a Windows shell command on a remote PC when I know its login name and password? Is it possible to do it using client PC's Windows shell? This can be done by using PsExec which can be downloaded here. Learn more. How to execute a Windows command on a remote PC? Ask Question. Asked 7 years, 11 months ago. Active 7 months ago. Viewed k times. Ross Ridge Active Oldest Votes.
Raphi Pour Raphi Pour 2 2 silver badges 7 7 bronze badges. One downside and probably the reason it's faster -- is that you have to set up the remote computer in advance to accept requests. It is very handy, and if you are inside a domain environment, as stated in the response, there is no need for additional setup. Eyal Sooliman Eyal Sooliman 1, 11 11 silver badges 24 24 bronze badges. In our network all pcs are in domainhow to execute command with administrator on remote host?
First try to run the CMD as administartor. If it will not help, try: blog. Reboot your remote server. Try running PSExec again from your local server. Thank you! If this helped you please upvote the answer. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google.
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The Overflow Goodwill hunting.Looking forward to this page being available. I am trying to set up several slaves as windows services on one machine and then connecting them to a master on another windows server, and am getting nowhere with this.
I can not find any documentation anywhere on what the process would be to do this. I have configured and added slaves on the same machine as my master, but that's obviously not what I want. Any help please? Log onto the machine that you want to set up as a slave.Intel motherboard bios setup key
Click on Manage Nodes and then click on New Node. Give it a name and choose Dumb Slave and click OK for future slaves you can just copy from existing.
Fill in the fields, leaving settings at their defaults, and click Save. Now that it is created, you can click on it in the list of nodes.
It should show a page that tells you how to launch the slave. Since you are already on the slave machine, you just need to click the Launch button.
It will start up the slave under Java and will say it is connected if it all went well. Then you simply click on the File menu in that java window and choose Install as a Windows Service.
It should then set up the service and shut down the slave agent you had just launched. From there, you don't really have much to do besides send builds to it. Like I said, this has worked for me with most of my build configurations, so I guess this could be considered the basic setup.
In some cases, there is more that needs to be done but I am still fumbling through those situations and have nothing positive to report yet. Can I create slaves of different OSes. I have setup separate Hudson CIs for the same.
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I was thinking If I can merge them into a single hudson. Having set-up the slaves, you can assign them to a job by specifying their label in the 'Restrict where this project can be run' field of the project.
So what you want is already possible. When I shut it down on the remote server I was able to connect without an error. Hope this helps. The error actually starts when i click the "launch button" on starting it as slave on windows.You can use PowerShell Direct to run arbitrary PowerShell in a Windows 10 or Windows Server virtual machine from your Hyper-V host regardless of network configuration or remote management settings.
If you're managing older virtual machines, use Virtual Machine Connection VMConnect or configure a virtual network for the virtual machine. The easiest way to run PowerShell commands in a virtual machine is to start an interactive session. When the session starts, the commands that you type run on the virtual machine, just as though you typed them directly into a PowerShell session on the virtual machine itself.
Run one of the following commands to create an interactive session using the virtual machine name or GUID:. Any command run will be running on your virtual machine. To test, you can run ipconfig or hostname to make sure that these commands are running in the virtual machine.
Note: If your session won't connect, see the troubleshooting for potential causes. PowerShell Direct with Invoke-Command is perfect for situations where you need to run one command or one script on a virtual machine but do not need to continue interacting with the virtual machine beyond that point.
The command will execute on the virtual machine, if there is output to the console, it'll be printed to your console. The connection will be closed automatically as soon as the command runs. The script will execute on the virtual machine. To learn more about this cmdlet, see Invoke-Command.
Note: PowerShell Direct only supports persistent sessions in Windows builds and later. Persistent PowerShell sessions are incredibly useful when writing scripts that coordinate actions across one or more remote machines. Once created, persistent sessions exist in the background until you decide to delete them.
This means you can reference the same session over and over again with Invoke-Command or Enter-PSSession without passing credentials. By the same token, sessions hold state. Since persistent sessions persist, any variables created in a session or passed to a session will be preserved across multiple calls.
There are a number of tools available for working with persistent sessions. For this example, we will use New-PSSession and Copy-Item to move data from the host to a virtual machine and from a virtual machine to the host.Banca monte dei paschi di siena s.p.a.. sportelli nella regione
Run one of the following commands to create a persistent PowerShell session to the virtual machine using New-PSSession. Warning: There is a bug in builds before If credentials aren't explicitly specified with -Credential flag, the service in the guest will crash and will need to be restarted.
If you hit this issue, workaround instructions are available here. There are a small set of common error messages surfaced through PowerShell Direct. Here are the most common, some causes, and tools for diagnosing issues. Potential causes: The most likely issue is that PowerShell Direct isn't supported by your host operating system.
If you are running a supported build, it is also possible your version of PowerShell does not run PowerShell Direct. Note: For Enter-PSSession between host builds andall errors below reported as "A remote session might have ended". To work around the credential issue, log into the virtual machine using VMConnect, open PowerShell, and restart the vmicvmsession service using the following PowerShell:.
When connecting to a Windows container, the -RunAsAdministrator flag allows Administrator connections without explicit credentials. Since virtual machines do not give the host implied administrator access, you need to explicitly enter credentials.
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